Overview Of A Nosebleed
- A nosebleed occurs when one of the blood vessels in the inside layer of the nose ruptures.
- Nosebleeds can be caused by infection, damage to the head, allergic response, nose picking or an item being pressed into the nostril. It can also be referred to as epistaxis.
- Bleeding from the nose is frequent in kids and is generally not serious. Get medical attention if nosebleeds are serious, regular or prolonged.
The symptoms and signs of a nosebleed consist of:
- Blood loss from either one or both nostrils.
- A feeling of flowing liquid at the back of the throat.
- The urge to swallow regularly.
What Are The Causes of Nosebleeds
There are several factors that can cause a nosebleed, including:
- Delicate blood vessels that bleed easily, possibly in warm climate or after exercising.
- A virus in the lining of the nose or sinuses.
- An allergic reaction that causes hay fever or constant coughing.
- Bumping your nose or falling.
- An item that has been pressed up the nostril.
- Nose picking.
- A bleeding or clotting problem.
Providing First Aid For Nosebleeds
- Comfort the individual, particularly children, as crying increases blood flow.
- Sit the individual up straight and drop their head a little forward.
- Apply some pressure on the soft section of the nostrils below the bridge of the nose for at least 15 minutes.
- Ask the individual to inhale through their mouth while their nostrils are pinched.
- Undo tight clothing surrounding the neck.
- Put a cold rag or cold pack over the individual’s forehead and also around the neck, particularly around the sides of the neck.
- After 15 minutes, release the force on the nostrils and examine to see if the bleeding has stopped.
- If the bleeding continues, seek medical assistance.
- Tell the individual not to breathe in or inhale through their nose for at least 20 minutes and not to touch their nose for the remainder of the day. Having a nose filled with coagulated blood is horrible and kids in particular can find it hard to avoid sniffing for a few hours.
- You must go to the doctor if the bleeding does not end after applying first aid techniques. It is vital to locate and treat the cause of the bleeding.
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